Hangfire retry delay

09.05.2021

Bad things happen. Any method can throw different types of exceptions. These exceptions can be caused either by programming errors that require you to re-deploy the application, or transient errors, that can be fixed without additional deployment.

Hangfire handles all exceptions occured both in internal belonging to Hangfire itselfand external methods jobs, filters and so onso it will not bring down the whole application. When Hangfire encounters external exception that occured during the job performance, it will automatically try to change its state to the Failed one, and you always can find this job in the Monitor UI it will not be expired unless you delete it explicitly.

In the previous paragraph I said that Hangfire will try to change its state to failed, because state transition is one of places, where job filters can intercept and change the initial pipeline.

And the AutomaticRetryAttribute class is one of them, that schedules the failed job to be automatically retried after increasing delay. This filter is applied globally to all methods and have 10 retry attempts by default. So, your methods will be retried in case of exception automatically, and you receive warning log messages on every failed attempt.

If retry attempts exceeded their maximum, the job will be move to the Failed state with an error log messageand you will be able to retry it manually. Use the same way to limit the number of attempts to the different value. If you want to change the default global value, add a new global filter:.

If you are using ASP. Please use Hangfire Forum for long questions or questions with source code. UseFilter provider. Hangfire documentation is licensed under the CC BY 4.

Created using Sphinx 1.Instead of invoking a method synchronously, place it on a persistent queue, and Hangfire worker thread will take it and perform within its own execution context:.

hangfire retry delay

This method creates a job in the storage and immediately returns control to the caller. Hangfire guarantees that the specified method will be called even after the abnormal termination of the host process.

hangfire retry delay

This call also saves a job, but instead of placing it to a queue, it adds the job to a persistent schedule. When the given time has elapsed, the job will be added to its queue. Meanwhile, you can restart your application — it will be executed anyway. Hangfire uses persistent storage to store jobs, queues and statistics and let them survive application restarts. If all retry attempts are exhausted, you are able to restart it manually from integrated web interface.

You can also control the retry behavior with the AutomaticRetryAttribute class. Just apply it to your method to tell Hangfire the number of retry attempts:. Hangfire was made with the knowledge that the hosting environment can kill all the threads on each line. So, it does not remove the job until it is successfully completed and contains different implicit retry logic to do the job when its processing was aborted.

All the examples above uses static method invocation, but instance methods are supported as well:. When a worker sees that the given method is an instance-method, it will activate its class first. By default, the Activator. CreateInstance method is used, so only classes with default constructors are supported by default. But you can plug in your IoC container and pass the dependencies through the constructor.

When you marshal your method invocation into another execution context, you should be able to preserve some environment settings. Some of them — Thread. CurrentCulture and Thread. CurrentUICulture are automatically captured for you.

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It is done by the PreserveCultureAttribute class that is applied to all of your methods by default. Hangfire can tell your methods were aborted or canceled due to shutdown event, so you can stop them gracefully using job cancellation tokens that are similar to the regular CancellationToken class. But you either need to somehow pass the dependencies into these methods and the default job activator does not support parameterful constructors.

There are two packages, Hangfire. Ninject and Hangfire. Autofac for their respective containers. If you are using another container, please, write it yourself on a basis of the given packages and contribute to Hangfire project. Hangfire uses the Common. Logging library to log all its events. It is a generic library and you can plug it to your logging framework using adapters. Please, see the list of available adapters on NuGet Gallery.

You can run multiple Hangfire instances, either on the same or different machines. It uses distributed locking to prevent race conditions. Each Hangfire instance is redundant, and you can add or remove instances seamlessly but control the queues they listen.

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Hangfire can process multiple queues. If you want to prioritize your jobs or split the processing across your servers some processes the archive queue, others — the images queue, etcyou can tell Hangfire about your decisions.Filter is added to the global Filters collection by default.

Intervals between attempts are based on increasing exponential back-off multiplier in seconds. This filter works in a state election phase by changing the candidate state from FailedState to the ScheduledState when another retry should be attempted, or other state based on the value of the OnAttemptsExceeded property when attempts exceeded.

The following example shows how to disable automatic retries for a specific job method by applying an attribute to a method. The following example shows how to override the default number of retry attempts for all of the background jobs by modifying the global Filters collection.

The following example shows how to ignore a background job when number of retry attempts exceed using the OnAttemptsExceeded property. Hangfire API Reference. Hangfire Namespaces. AutomaticRetryAttribute Class. AutomaticRetryAttribute Constructor. AutomaticRetryAttribute Properties.

AutomaticRetryAttribute Methods. AutomaticRetryAttribute Fields. AutomaticRetryAttribute Class Represents a job filter that performs automatic retries for background jobs whose processing was failed due to an exception, with a limited number of attempts. Inheritance Hierarchy. Attempts Gets or sets the maximum number of automatic retry attempts. Gets or sets a candidate state for a background job that will be chosen when number of retry attempts exceeded. Name Description OnStateApplied Called after the specified state was applied to the job within the given transaction.

Called when the current state of the job is being changed to the specified candidate state. This state change could be intercepted and the final state could be changed through setting the different state in the context in an implementation of this method.

Called when the state with specified state was unapplied from the job within the given transaction. This field is read-only.

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Disabling Automatic Retries The following example shows how to disable automatic retries for a specific job method by applying an attribute to a method.

Note Even if you disable AutomaticRetryAttribute filter, your background jobs can still be executed several times, due to re-queue on shutdown and other compensation logic that guarantees the at least once processing.Implementation This is how I accomplished it, Hangfire comes with a default retry filter. I remove the default filter on startup and replace it with my own custom class.

Here is the custom filter class. Ive left a hook in so you can put custom logic there. Any plans on adding something like this to the AutomaticRetry attribute shipped with Hangfire?

Would be quite nice to have a greater control of how the retry interval is calculated given the retry count. Looks like custom delay logic was added in PR Toggle navigation Hangfire. Automatic retries - how to manually configure the time between retries feature.

[Stream Archive - 2020-02-28] Setting up and messing around with Hangfire in lakaran308.pw Core

Ashley UTC 1. Requirement I want a custom retry period between job retries Implementation This is how I accomplished it, Hangfire comes with a default retry filter. Here is the startup code to remove the default filter. TraceLoggerFactoryAdapter properties ; System. TraceError "Application started" ; app. UseAuthorizationFilters ; config. Instance is Hangfire. Instance; System. Exception, context. Round Math.

I believe Build.

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AdityaSantoso UTC 7.Our client processes a lot of dossier creation each day from different sources from within each of their departments. All these dossiers are created within their own applications and are then sent to an application we developed for them. They wanted to automate this creation process and prevent as much load peaks as possible during business hours.

The solution was a background process that they can run whenever they want. For this use case and because here at Foreach we have no fear of tools we do not know yet we looked at a nice, light, easy to use framework called Hangfire. This framework would allow us to create and manage background tasks without having to create a background service on the server.

Hangfire adds an extra layer on top of your code. You pass calls to Hangfire which stores it into its own database. If it fails, it even retries it automatically in the way you configured. Hangfire also gives you a nice clean dashboard where you can look at your enqueued jobs and, if you so wish, manage them manually.

It truly is a fun little framework. Hangfire allows you to synchronously enqueue a job in your code, and executes this code asynchronously through a first come, first serve queue.

They support many popular storages, relational or document based. The benefit is that, even during random shutdowns, your jobs are safe and ready to be handled when the application has restarted. What if something went wrong and my job throws an exception? Nothing to worry about really. Hangfire has its own automatic retry mechanism that retries your jobs for you in an intelligent manner. Hangfire uses workers to handle the tasks, you define the number of workers you want and they share the queue, running the tasks on a first come first serve basis.

Implementing Hangfire proved to be easy. By following the documentation we created a configuration file for Hangfire that looks like this. Configure your app. We created a Hangfire Extensions class where we just grouped the configuration methods. That is all for configuration, your Hangfire is now ready to be used. This is also quite simple and we will provide an example. We have an API that allows for external systems to update an with the help of Hangfire.

We created a controller action that you can send the employee info to and it will update this accordingly. CreateJobForEvent has all the business logic you wish to see executed when the task is started.

It all comes together in the nice UI where you can see your enqueued, executed, and failed jobs, and monitor their progress. The below screenshot has been taken directly from the hangfire documentation site as an example. One of the most fun parts for us was that after implementing it, we got to see our tasks in the Hangfire Dashboard.

This gives us a visual representation of our tasks, the attempts, the retries, and the number of. It also gives a brief code snippet of the job it will perform, which is just dandy for when you want to debug.

This is of course not something you wish to do all the time because your method is then exposed to all others that want to use them. As a final word we want to express our love for this little framework.

So much so that is has become a commonly used component in our projects. We now use it in three different APIs. This makes it a reliable framework that most of our clients can definitely reap the benefits from. Bij Foreach lezen we graag. Nog liever delen we ook onze mening over wat we gelezen hebben. Work About Team Jobs 7.GitHub is home to over 40 million developers working together to host and review code, manage projects, and build software together.

Have a question about this project? Sign up for a free GitHub account to open an issue and contact its maintainers and the community. Already on GitHub? Sign in to your account. If you want to use complex algorithm to define a delay by a attempt you should set AutomaticRetryAttribute. Merging into dev will increase coverage by 0.

The diff coverage is I reconsidered behaviour in case a user code threw exception inside AutomaticRetryAttribute. I came to a conclusion it's better to rethrow the exception and as a consequence to apply Failed state to a job. Main reason is a user changes default behavior of AutomaticRetryAttribute for some reason and it may be critical for her not to use default behaviour. What if 0 value is given? UtcNow argument. I think we can create it using the EnqueuedState instead to avoid unnecessary state changes.

What do you think? I'll fix it. Great aidmsu! And due to the nature of an attribute you can't defined the Func in the attribute. Hey odinserjany ETA for this feature to be released? Being able to adjust the retry delay times is really useful on some scenarios. I've created a version of AutomaticRetryAttribute based off of this version that allows DefaultDelayInSecondsByAttemptFunc and all the other properties of the attribute to be configured at runtime on an attribute.

This is possible via an autofac-hangfire filter provider integration I wrote and a ConfigKey. Assuming this integration has been enabled, the API looks like this:.

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Let me know if anybody's interested, and I'd be happy to create a PR for the attribute update. Autofac before too long. Am I reading this correctly, that there is no way to specify a delay algorithm on a per-job basis? I need to implement an exponential back-off with jitter delay algorithm, but it should only be applied to specific jobs.Hangfire is an open-source framework that helps you to create, process and manage your background jobs, i.

These jobs are executed only once and almost immediately after they are fired. Delayed jobs are executed only once too, but not immediately — only after the specified time interval. Recurring jobs are fired many times on the specified CRON schedule. Batch is a group of background jobs created atomically. WriteLine "Job 1" ; x. Batch continuation is fired after all background jobs in a parent batch have finished. Use them when you need to run background processes continuously throughout the lifetime of your application.

Background jobs are very important part of an application and Hangfire ensures that any job is performed at least once. To persist background job information between application restarts, all the information is saved in your favorite persistent storage. Currently the following storages are supported:. All product names, logos, and brands are property of their respective owners, and are in no way associated or affiliated with Hangfire.

If your favorite database system is not supported yet, you can implement it. It is cheaper than implementing a background job system from scratch. If your background job encounters a problem during its execution, it will be retried automatically after some delay. Hangfire successfully deals with the following problems:. You are also able to retry any background job manually through the programming code or the Dashboard UI:. You are not required to make any architecture decisions to start using Hangfire.

You can begin with simple setup, where background processing is implemented on the web application side. Later, when you face performance problems, you can separate the processing among different processes or servers — Hangfire uses distributed locks to handle synchronization issues. Hangfire is shipped with an awesome tool — Web Monitoring UI. Monitoring UI allows you to see and control any aspect of background job processing, including statistics, exceptions and background job history.

Toggle navigation Hangfire. Overview Hangfire is an open-source framework that helps you to create, process and manage your background jobs, i. Fire-and-forget These jobs are executed only once and almost immediately after they are fired. WriteLine "Fire-and-forget! Delayed Delayed jobs are executed only once too, but not immediately — only after the specified time interval.

WriteLine "Delayed! FromDays 7. WriteLine "Recurring!

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Daily. Continuations Continuations are executed when parent job has finished. WriteLine "Continuation! Batches Batch is a group of background jobs created atomically. Batch Continuations Batch continuation is fired after all background jobs in a parent batch have finished. Background Process Use them when you need to run background processes continuously throughout the lifetime of your application.

CleanUp Directory. GetTempDirectory ; context. Wait TimeSpan.